The 10 distros GNU / Linux more popular

 

Ubuntu is the distro GNU / Linux from the ground speak more geek world , to be the one I use. However, as you know, there are dozens of distributions, many of the most interesting. For those willing to try something new, I leave a little comment on the 10 GNU / Linux more popular according to DistroWatch , based on the number of daily visits during the year. If you use any of them, and tell you why, you can do it in the comments.

Ubuntu

Based on Debian, free, and with versions for desktops, servers and netbooks, this is a project sponsored by Canonical, Mark Shuttleworth's company. His name means, in Zulu, "humanity to others".

Launched a new version every six months, so that applications are quite updated. For those who need more stability, there are also versions LTS (Long Term Support) receiving updates during three years (five years in the server version).

Ubuntu comes as 1 CD (although there are also DVD version) you can get for free at your home via Ship it .


The default desktop is GNOME, but there are versions of Ubuntu designed for other environments, both formal and Kubuntu (KDE) and Xubuntu (xfce) or unofficial as Lubuntu (LXDE).

Fedora

Historical sponsored by Red Hat, which uses it as a base and test of commercial distribution, Red Hat Enterprise GNU / Linux. This is the distro that Linus Torvalds uses in most of its machines, which gives an idea of its quality.

Use GNOME by default and is based on RPM packages instead of deb, for which management uses Yum.

As Ubuntu does not install default codecs for proprietary formats like MP3 or MPEG, or proprietary software like Adobe Flash Player.

Their life cycle is a little less rigid than Ubuntu: publish a new version every 6 months or so versions are kept for more than a year.

openSUSE

This distro of German origin born in 2005 after Novell decided to "liberate" the former SUSE, but not started using this name until 2006. It is based commercial distribution of Novell Novell GNU / Linux Desktop, SUSE also known as GNU / Linux Enterprise Desktop, and its server version, SUSE GNU / Linux Enterprise Server.

Since Fedora uses RPM.

One of its strengths, and its most famous application is YaST, acronym for Yet another Setup Tool

The installer gives the option of using GNOME or KDE, but KDE in openSUSE 11.2 will be checked by default.

Mint

This distro of Irish origin, which incidentally is one of the youngest in the market, and the youngest of this collection, is gaining popularity by leaps and bounds. This is an Ubuntu-based distro, with which is fully supported, but trying life even easier for users, for example, installing various codecs owners default, the Java Plugin or Flash plugin. They have also developed some pretty interesting tools.

Being based on Ubuntu, the default desktop environment is using GNOME, although there are versions for KDE, XFCE and Fluxbox.

The versions of GNU / Linux Mint are usually throw one or two months after the respective version of Ubuntu.

Debian

A classic distro, and entered the longest of which appear in this collection, with 16 years under his belt. The distro is based on Ubuntu, and is regarded by many as one of the most robust and stable market. It is also probably the most committed to free software, reason that causes some people to consider their community, and everything related, as some "Taliban".

It has a reputation for being difficult to install, but that was a long time ago.

It uses GNOME as default desktop environment and, as expected, deb packages for applications.

A curiosity is that, apart from the version based on the GNU / Linux kernel, there are also Debian based Hurd, NetBSD and FreeBSD.

Mandriva

Born from the fusion of Brazilian and French Conectiva Mandrake, changed its name in 2005 to avoid legal problems . In the past it was considered one of the easiest distros to install and use, but had a certain reputation for instability.

It uses KDE as a desktop environment, and as urpmi package manager (RPM).

Its new version, Mandriva 2010.0, KDE 4.3.x including, is expected within a few weeks. The goal is to get rid of all related packages KDE 3 repositories for this date.

Curiously, the first version of Mandrake was based on Red Hat.

PCGNU / LinuxOS

PCGNU / LinuxOS was originally based on Mandrake, with which he continues to share some characteristics.

It uses KDE as default desktop and RPM packages for the software, though, curiously, the package management is done with apt and synaptic.

Puppy GNU / Linux

Puppy GNU / Linux is distinguished from all other distros of the collection that is designed to be as small as possible, to the point that it can be fully charged in the RAM of a PC quite old (its simplest, Barebones occupies only 40MB).

It is famous for its speed and stability.

Use JWM as the window manager, also used in other light distros, as Damm Small GNU / Linux, and is based on PUP and PET packages.

Sabayon GNU / Linux

Sabayon is a Gentoo distro derived from Italian, a source based distro, instead of binary packages, which is feared by many and loved by so many. The goal is to bring Gentoo Sabayon the general public, which seem to be getting.

Besides the Gentoo package manager, Portage, Sabayon also includes a binary package manager called Entropy.

The default desktop environment is KDE this distribution.

CentOS

We previously discussed the commercial distribution of Red Hat: Red Hat Enterprise GNU / Linux. Because of the GPL, Red Hat has the obligation to publish much of the source code distribution, which they make more or less welcome. The CentOS community takes this source code to create a distribution very similar to Red Hat Enterprise GNU / Linux, but without the cost of certification and support.

As Red Hat Enterprise GNU / Linux is based on GNOME and uses RPM.