The 7 best distributions of GNU / Linux in 2012
A year ago on this blog we have seen a review of the best distributions of GNU / Linux (you can see the post by clicking here ) This year again translate the original article updated to 2012, and reviewed the best distributions of GNU / Linux in 2012 separated in several categories.
As I say this is not a personal opinion. It is a translation of an article. You can see the original by clicking here on page Linux.com written by Brian Proffit . As stated in the article, is a very thorny issue, as each user will think that your favorite distribution is the best. You can give your opinion in a respectful and better if you give arguments, because you think that. It will be very useful information complete article with reviews of other users. Let's start ranking!
"It is the mystery of mysteries, falls short of the Gordian knot , the crop circles, or how many licks are needed to reach the center of the lollipop : what is the best Linux distribution of them all?
This is a question that Linux.com has already been discussed (Translator's note: and in this blog and you 've brought translated ). The key, of course, is to understand that the question itself is wrong, no matter what you say, there is no one true and perfect distribution. The reality is more complex: It depends on your needs, and what is the distro of GNU / Linux that best suits them.
To help newcomers to try to discover which is the best distro for them, I will list for different types of users, based on my own experience and testing. The categories that are subdivided:
* Best distro for desktop
* Best distro for laptop
* Best distro for businesses
* Best distro for server
* Best Live-CD distro
* Better intended for safety distro
* Best multimedia distro
You can agree or disagree with the opinions which say, and of course you are invited to comment (always with respect) and give your point of view. No matter what you think, the good news is that if you use GNU / Linux, whatever your choice, you are a winner!
- Best distro for desktop:
Let's start with the category "conflict": the best distribution for general use in a desktop PC. Over the years, this title has gone to Ubuntu, then Fedora. This year the title is vested in a derivative of Ubuntu, but not directly from Canonical.
For 2012 the title of best GNU / Linux for desktops rests Linux Mint specifically on Linux Mint 12 "Lisa."
Linux Mint is an Ubuntu derivative, which means, for those who are not familiar with the jargon of free and open software, is that the code of Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu. Linux Mint developers added their own contributions to the well and created this new division.
The result is a polished distribution, which has much untapped potential. Although it has less support from Canonical Linux Mint has planted foot (metaphorically speaking) in a Linux environment for desktops, providing a full range of applications and device drivers, in a graphical interface that clearly says "desktop".
Due to the proximity of the Ubuntu project, and therefore to Debian (since it has the same root, Debian) Linux Mint users have access to a large number of software packages including apps, themes and widgets, which make use Linux Mint very compelling experience.
- Best distro for laptops
Laptop environments are not comparable to desktop environments. While some laptops still hold outdated designs with large screens with their keyboards attached to them, such as Linux creator Linus Torvalds lamented in an interview , some laptops are gradually looking at the designs of the Apple Macbook Air, and is beginning to take steps so that line is Ubuntu Desktop.
In this classification recommend a distro with an interface that resembles this new lines and environments as Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.
The latest release of Ubuntu has excellent energy performance management, and many drivers. And, although it may also fit it within a traditional desktop, we must recognize the fact that Ubuntu is the perfect interface for a mobile device that needs a more streamlined usability.
As a portable distribution, Ubuntu remains the leader.
- Best distro for businesses
In the 2 years preceding the title went to SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED)
However, this year, the nod has to go to Red Hat Enterprise Linux Desktop 6 (RHELD).
Why the change? In the past, I have maintained that SLED maintains a slight lead over RHELD due to the capabilities of SUSE Studio and the strong community of openSUSE . But over time, the company seems SUSE Linux taking a much more quiet because of the advantage of its market, while Red Hat is making great strides in new territories within the virtualization and new technology in the cloud.
Maybe it's a bit premature to judge well, but it seems that SLED is falling a little behind in terms of what we can offer companies that use Linux, and in the business world is that everything a Linux vendor can do for you.
This year the title goes to Red Hat.
- Server distro Mejo
During the past two years, this category has always been reduced to two main contenders: Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) .
This year there has been much difference and the title goes apparatus RHEL 6.
The list is long: while SUSE Linux has focused on improvements as the main factor which provides SLES, Red Hat has been doing that and entering new markets to all those mentioned above.
In 2012, having an active and stable in the cloud is the hyper-critical. You might think this is an exaggeration, but the truth is that most companies are going to implement a kind of public cloud, private or hybrid. If not now, soon. Until something better comes along, it makes sense to follow that path. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 has such presence in the cloud, plus all the support ISVs and technology have led for years.
- Best Live-CD distro
Currently every distro of Linux is actually a live-CD . You can make your CD or DVD to ISO burn your favorite distro and boot from the floppy drive a complete GNU / Linux without installing anything on your PC.
But there is one type of distros specifically made for running only as a Live-CD. These distributions offer tools and software utilities specific use to repair existing facilities in the PC from other GNU / Linux distributions and even serve to Windows. These distros are very useful regardless of the GNU / Linux you use it in a crisis or problem, doing a great job to rescue the system.
So what's the best? Once again the undisputed leader of all is KNOPPIX . Based on Debian uses a lightweight desktop LXDE as a robust tool to handle. Almost too full to be simply a Live-CD distro, but still maintains its full potential and speed.
- Better security-oriented distro
The decision of this year's best security-oriented distro has been somewhat difficult. In the past BackTrack Linux was clear leader, but BackTack Linux 5 R2 was recently discovered security hole that made her vulnerable, and that shocked the expectations of many professionals in the field of computer security. [Update: The hole is the application that was removed wicd BackTrack]
The problem was solved, of course, but the damage was already done BACtrack.
It's time to highlight the good: everyone can suffer errors like this, and the fact is that despite the vulnerability, BackTrack still offers the best set of security tools white hat to examine your system or network problems.
- Best distro multimedia
I am old enough to remember the days when you literally had to switch between distros due to lack of format support for music or movies. It was a real problem for a long time.
Now, however, those days are long gone, and media consumers can use any Linux distribution without fear. However, with the availability of high-quality cameras and video recorders, are Linux distributions that include powerful tools for editing audio and video, not just consumption.
For the third year running, the best distro in this class remains of Ubuntu Studio . For the production of audio, video and graphics, as it contains a complete set of tools and formats and codec support for a wide range of multimedia formats.